Order has all but given way to the violent impulses represented by Jack’s tribe. When rescuers arrive to take the boys again to civilization, Ralph symbolically regains authority.
By the end of the novel, he has lost lord of the flies book hope in the boys’ rescue altogether. The development of Ralph’s character from idealism to pessimistic realism expresses the extent to which life on the island has eradicated his childhood. Even so, the novel is not entirely pessimistic concerning the human capacity for good.
They resolve that their only selection is to journey to the Castle Rock to make Jack and his followers see purpose. Chanting and dancing in several separate circles alongside the seashore, the boys are caught up in a type of frenzy. Even Ralph and Piggy, swept away by the thrill, dance on the fringes of the group. The boys again reenact the hunting of the pig and reach a high pitch of frenzied energy as they chant and dance.
Suddenly, the boys see a shadowy determine creep out of the forest—it is Simon. Shouting that he’s the beast, the boys descend upon Simon and start to tear him apart with their bare arms and teeth. Simon tries desperately to explain what has occurred and to remind them of who he is, however he trips and plunges over the rocks onto the beach.
With the brutal, animalistic murder of Simon, the last vestige of civilized order on the island is stripped away, and brutality and chaos take over. By this point, the boys in Jack’s camp are all but inhuman savages, and Ralph’s few remaining allies endure dwindling spirits and contemplate joining Jack. Even Ralph and Piggy themselves get swept up within the ritual dance around Jack’s banquet fire.
To Piggy’s dismay, Jack grabs his thick glasses and uses them to replicate the solar’s rays, successfully creating a fireplace. Golding had lots of expertise in coping with schoolboys, for he was a teacher in Britain for many years.
Ralph, now abandoned by most of his supporters, journeys to Castle Rock to confront Jack and secure the glasses. Taking the conch and accompanied solely by Piggy, Sam, and Eric, Ralph finds the tribe and calls for that they return the dear object. Confirming their complete rejection of Ralph’s authority, the tribe capture and bind the twins underneath Jack’s command. Ralph and Jack interact in a fight which neither wins before Piggy tries as soon as extra to address the tribe. Any sense of order or safety is permanently eroded when Roger, now sadistic, deliberately drops a boulder from his vantage level above, killing Piggy and shattering the conch.